Challenges, Successes, and the Future of Firearm Injury Prevention

Roche JS, Carter PM, Zeoli AM, Cunningham RM, Zimmerman MA. Challenges, Successes, and the Future of Firearm Injury Prevention. Milbank Q. 2023;101(S1):579-612. doi:10.1111/1468-0009.12621.


Policy Points Firearm injury is a leading cause of death in the United States, with fatality rates increasing 34.9% over the past decade (2010-2020). Firearm injury is preventable through multifaceted evidence-based approaches. Reviewing past challenges and successes in the field of firearm injury prevention can highlight the future directions needed in the field. Adequate funding, rigorous and comprehensive data availability and access, larger pools of diverse and scientifically trained researchers and practitioners, robust evidence-based programming and policy implementation, and a reduction in stigma, polarization, and politicization of the science are all needed to move the field forward.

Keywords: Firearm, injury, suicide, violence.