Lee, D. B., Gaskin-Wasson, A. L., Jones, S. C., Harrell, S. P., Banks, K. H., Kohn-Wood, L., Sellers, R.M, & Neblett Jr, E. W. (2021). The Daily Life Experiences Scale: Factor Structure, Reliability, Validity, and Measurement Invariance for African American Males and Females. Measurement and evaluation in counseling and development, 54(3), 206-218.
The Daily Life Experiences – Frequency scale (DLE-F) measures the frequency of 18 racial discrimination experiences. Bifactor exploratory and confirmatory analyses indicated that the DLE-F is a unidimensional scale that yields valid and reliable scores. The DLE-F also showed evidence of measurement invariance by gender, convergent evidence, and criterion-related validity.