Goldstick, J. E., Kaufman, E. J., Delgado, M. K., Jay, J., & Carter, P. M. (2021). Commentary: Reducing Youth Firearm Violence and the Associated Health Disparities Requires Enhanced Surveillance and Modern Behavioral Intervention Strategies – A Commentary on Bottiani et al. (2021). Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 62(5), 580-583.
Youth firearm injury is a worsening public health crisis, and the risks are not distributed evenly. Bottiani et al. skillfully explicated those health disparities, described sociological factors underlying them, and explored avenues for prevention. We supplement their analysis by detailing problems and solutions related to a critical barrier to firearm violence prevention – the nonexistence both of reliable ‘gold standard’ nonfatal firearm injury surveillance data, and systems for near real-time surveillance of firearm injuries at granular spatial scales that would enable to optimization of rapid response protocols and neighborhood-based prevention programs. We conclude with a discussion of modern, scalable, behavioral intervention approaches that could be leveraged to fill the largely absent evidence base resulting from the documented underfunding of youth firearm violence prevention research.
Keywords: Youth firearm injury, barriers to injury prevention